Hand Hygiene

The most effective and easiest way to prevent sepsis is to practice good hygiene. Washing hands frequently with soap and warm water can prevent the spread of infectious agents. It is important to ensure that you are rubbing your hands together to lather the soap for at least 20 seconds or approximately the amount of time it takes for you to sing your ABCs. Be sure to wash the front and back of your hands and don’t forget between your fingers and under your nails too. When turning off the tap, use a paper towel to prevent re-contaminating your hands. In a public washroom, use paper towel to open the door when leaving. Hand-washing will help not only yourself stay healthy, but it will also protect others around you by preventing the spread of germs. In the case that soap and water are not available, alcohol-based hand sanitizer can be used as a substitute.

Vaccination is important to reduce the spread of preventable disease. Everyone who can get vaccinated should, not only to protect themselves but others as well. There are certain populations of people that cannot be vaccinated. However, they are protected by “herd immunity”. With a significant percentage of the population vaccinated, dangerous infections are not able to travel as easily, and outbreaks are prevented, even among those who cannot be vaccinated.


Eating properly prepared and cooked food will prevent gastrointestinal infections. Ensure that all produce is properly washed before eating or cooking. Using an internal temperature thermometer is the safest way to ensure that seafood, poultry, and meat are safely cooked. Harmful bacteria and contaminants cannot always be seen, smelled or tasted. It is not always safe to rely on the colour of your meat to know if it is safe to eat. Always follow appropriate internal cooking temperatures.

For more information on food-specific internal cooking temperatures, please   click here .


Open wounds must be kept clean and covered to prevent any bacteria from getting into the wound. If the wound becomes infected, seek medical attention and if an antibiotic is prescribed it should be finished entirely.

Hygiene Hypothesis